Oct 11, 2013

Captivated by Caddo

Captivated by Caddo

Caddo, Oklahoma

I'm sure everyone is familiar with those occasional associations we experience or observe that occur spontaneously, usually in groups of three, over a short period of time which we call coincidence, happenstance, synchronicity, etc. My latest experience with such a phenomena happened yesterday.

By way of preface let me say that until a few years ago I was blissfully unaware of the existence of the Caddo Indians. Only when my wife and I took a 'road trip' to Oklahoma and Texas in 2009 to trace her relatives, living and dead, did the Caddo indians swim into my ken. My wife's grandfather died, was murdered, in 1909 and was/is buried in Caddo, Oklahoma, The Antique Town on A Buffalo Trail, so that was an obvious destinations. Curious name for a town I thought, and mused about its derivation. In order to find the cemetery we stopped at the public library which was housed in what seemed to also be an antique store on the one main street for directions and information. The gracious librarian let us finger our way through several volumes of historic cemetery records where we eventually found the location of the gravesite of James Franklin Lamb. She also explained the origin of the town's name and its Native American origin. After a pleasant walk through what I thought was a rather large cemetery for such a small town, we located Mr Lamb's grave, paid our respects, wondered about his life in a frontier town like Caddo at the turn of the last century, took a few pictures and moved on. Other than the purchase of a facsimile license plate advertising 'CADDO' I thought that was the last I would ever hear of Caddo.

Last night, reading The High Lonesome by John Long, a collection of epic solo climbing stories, I reached a chapter describing solo winter attempts to scale Denali, Mount McKinley, in Alaska.  One of those to make the attempt was Vern Tejas from Texas. From the book: ". . . he changed his surname from Hansel to Tejas, which is pronounced Tay-hoss (the Spanish way of saying Texas) and means friendly in the dialect of the Caddo Indians." (emphasis mine)

Earlier, in the same chapter, what was likely the first successful solo winter ascent of Denali was described. Again, from the book: "On February 12, his 43rd birthday, he (the Japanese climber Uemura) was spotted above 18,000 feet. He radioed pilot Lowell Thomas Jr. that he expected to reach the summit by 4 P.M." (again, emphasis mine)

From Wikipedia:

His son, Lowell Thomas, Jr., was a film and television producer who collaborated with his father on several projects before becoming a State Senator, and later the Lieutenant Governor of Alaska, in the 1970s. Today, Lowell Thomas Jr. remains an active bush pilot and environmental activist in Alaska.

What makes this reference so interesting is that just last week I picked up a book at our local Salvation Army titled: Pageant of Adventure, a signed, first edition by Lowell Thomas! His name may not be familiar to the vast majority of Americans today, but in the first half of the last century his name was a household word. So it was a surprise when his name suddenly appeared twice after so many dormant decades. Just a coincidence, I suppose.

From Wikipedia:
Lowell Jackson Thomas (April 6, 1892 – August 29, 1981) was an American writer, broadcaster, and traveler, best known as the man who made Lawrence of Arabia famous. So varied were Thomas's activities that when it came time for the Library of Congress to catalog his memoirs they were forced to put them in "CT" ("biographies of subjects who do not fit into any other category") in their classification

Now, what will be the third unexpected Jungian connection?

Hoping for a word from Whinkla. Over a year now and not even a postcard.

Oct 9, 2013

The Effect of GA3 on Lathrus odoratus, Bouquet

For the past two years I have been experimenting (amateurishly) with Gibberellic Acid as an aid to seed germination. The effect, depending on the genus and species, has been enlightening. I sow several hundred kinds of seeds in any given year and I treat mainly, but not exclusively, those that are reputedly difficult to germinate. I generally divide the seeds into two equal parts and soak them overnight, or up to 24 hours, one half in distilled water and the other half in a 500ppm solution of Gibberellic Acid. Both groups are then treated exactly the same as regards soil, moist, heat, light, etc. In some cases I could discern no visible difference in germination or growth. in others it may actually have had a detrimental or deleterious effect, but in more than a few the results appear to be positive, both in shortening the length of time for germination to occur, and in the number of seeds germinating. I will try to compile a list and brief summary of my finding thus far at a later date.

Because of our physical location - 90 days frost-free, perhaps a few more the last few years due to you know what, and living in a frost pocket I start most seeds, even many fast growing annals, indoors. Yes, it gets a little crowded at times.

Lathrus odorous, the sweet pea, germinates readily but this spring, because I had mixed extra GA3 I decided to treat some of the sweet pea seed.

I keep a comprehensive record (at least I start out that way) of difficult or rare seeds, but for the annuals, and a good percentage of the 'common' perennials I keep almost no notes of their progress. If for some reason I have used GA3, or some other method to treat the seed then I do make an effort to at least make sure growing conditions are the same until they are planted out in the garden. With so many flats of seedlings it is difficult to keep track and a few get overlooked for a time. Thus it was for the Lathyrus odoratus.

For weeks I had been mentally reminding myself there were several flats of seedlings that simply had to be planted out as they were rapidly becoming pot-bound. One day I realized I could wait no longer and began to carry plants to various parts of the garden to be planted. When I came to the sweet peas I had quite a surprise. Half were healthy looking plants while the others reminded me of Jack and the Beanstalk. The stems were elongated and the leaves smaller and narrower (see picture). There were three 6-packs of each and after checking my records (I number all plant trays etc.) the obvious was substantiated. I don't recall whether GA3 had speeded or enhanced germination, and at the time of thinning I apparently noted no difference, but it certainly seems to have had an effect on subsequent growth. I only regret not planting out the GA3 treated plants to see what the final outcome might have been. In other cases where GA3 has had a beneficial effect regarding germination, subsequent growth differences have not been noted, but I have not looked that closely, which leads me to believe any differences in growth after germination are slight, if any. But, I am going to take a closer look, once it stops raining.

I am reminded yet again, you can never take enough notes!